What is the highest end Aristotle thinks human beings are aimed at?

What is the highest end Aristotle thinks human beings are aimed at?


What does Aristotle mean by self-sufficient?

Aristotle lays down two conditions which happiness must fulfil. It must be perfect, and it must be self-sufficient. Aristotle, in making self-sufficiency a requirement of happiness, defines the self-sufficient (to autarkes) as ‘that which on its own makes life worthy of choice and lacking in nothing’.

What is the supreme good for Aristotle?

Aristotle defines the supreme good as an activity of the rational soul in accordance with virtue. Virtue for the Greeks is equivalent to excellence. Humans are distinct above all for having also a rational soul, which governs thought. Since our rationality is our distinctive activity, its exercise is the supreme good.

What does Aristotle mean by in all he does man seeks some good as end or means?

He says that “in all he does man seeks some good as end or means” meaning that man’s overall purpose or function on earth is aimed at carrying out some good. Aristotle says that “man’s good would seem to lie in his function, if he has one” meaning that man’s possible good lies in whatever he chooses to do in his life.

How does Aristotle support the claim that the third type of friendship is perfect?

In conclusion, Aristotle supported his claim by comparing the three types of friendships, and contrasting them, especially to the “perfect” one, to analyze in what ways they are erroneous, and uses pathos to further advance his argument.

What does the Greek term Phronesis mean?

practical wisdom

How did Aristotle define the term phronesis?

phronesis, as Aristotle defined it, is a “state of grasping the truth, involving reason, concerned with. action about what is good or bad for a human being” . Ostwald (1978 ) states that phronesis “tends to. imply wisdom in action, and hence moral intelligence” (p. 321).

How does Aristotle define wisdom?

Wisdom is the ability to deliberate well about which courses of action would be good and expedient — in general, not to some particular end, as that would more likely be in the realm of Art. Also, Wisdom concerns acting more than making, which also makes it distinct from Art.