Who was Galen and Hippocrates?
His medical education included animal dissection, following which he traveled through Greece and Asia Minor to study the medical customs of each area. According to Galen, Hippocrates was the first to have been both a physician and a philosopher, in that he was the first to recognize what nature does.
Who is more important Galen or Hippocrates?
Hippocrates’s most important contributions were in the development of the medical profession and in a code of conduct for doctors. Galen – anatomy and physiology of the human body. This was something which Hippocrates did not do!!!!! HE gave the first anatomical and physiological understanding of the human body.
What treatments did medieval practitioners use?
Nevertheless, there were other types of cures used in the Middle Ages that many people would not consider today. For example: bleeding, applying leeches, smelling strong posies or causing purging or vomiting. cutting open buboes, draining the pus and making the patient hot or cold, eg by taking hot baths.
Is Shakespeare a humanist?
Shakespeare himself can be understood as the ultimate product of Renaissance humanism; he was an artist with a deep understanding of humanity and an uncanny ability for self-expression who openly practiced and celebrated the ideals of intellectual freedom.
How does the tempest exemplify humanist ideas?
In The Tempest, Prospero represents the Renaissance humanism. He embodies the Renaissance spirit of desire to learn and uphold and justice and individualism . At the end, he abjures magic that stands for power. He frees the nobleman from his magical power to show that men should control and shape their own laws.
Is Hamlet a humanist text?
William Shakespeare’s Hamlet character is a personification of the evolution of philosophical humanism into moral nihilism, and this is shown through Hamlet’s initial quest for revenge, his inner search for the truth of his father’s murder, and his eventual hollow revenge over Claudius.
How does Othello show humanism?
Between the 18th and early 20th centuries Othello was mainly read from a liberal humanist perspective. Traditional liberal humanist readings emphasise that he is the victim of an individual’s malevolence – Iago’s – and his own personality, especially his gullibility and jealousy.